The National Pharmaceutical Council (NPC) is a health policy research organization dedicated to the advancement of good evidence and science, and to fostering an environment in the United States that supports medical innovation.
- Accountable Care Organizations
- (-) Alternative Payment Models
- Biopharmaceutical Innovation
- Clinical Pathways
- Decision Frameworks
- Elements of Value
- (-) Evidence for Decision Making
- (-) Good Practices for Evidence
- Health Care Quality Measures
- Health Spending
- Health Spend Management
- High-Deductible Health Plans
- Impact on Outcome & Spending
- Individual Treatment Effects & Personalized Access
- Low-Value Care
- NPC News
- Pandemic Response
- Patient Centered Formulary & Benefit Design
- Patient Cost Sharing
- Paying for Cures
- Policy & Regulatory Barriers
- Real-World Data
- Real-World Evidence
- Regulatory Barriers & Challenges
- Understanding Health Spending
- (-) Utilization Management & Step Therapy
- Value-Based Contracts
- Value-Based Insurance Design
- Value Assessment
- (-) Value Assessment Frameworks
- Value Assessment Methods
Showing 38 Results
Stakeholder perception of pharmaceutical value: A multicriteria decision analysis pilot case study for value assessment in the United States
Study shows the impact of a more holistic approach to assessing value and how it can help address gaps within conventional value assessment.
Stakeholders Find Step Therapy Should Be Evidence-Based, Flexible and Transparent: Assessing Appropriateness Using a Consensus Approach
Stakeholders disagree on when step therapy is appropriate, but agree on a set of criteria about how to develop, implement, communicate, safeguard and evaluate step therapy protocols.
Online Tools to Synthesize Real-World Evidence of Comparative Effectiveness Research to Enhance Formulary Decision Making
This JMCP study describes and compares the features and characteristics of five tools to evaluate real-world evidence studies and adds clarity on what the tools provide.
Improving Transparency to Build Trust in Real-World Secondary Data Studies for Hypothesis Testing—Why, What, and How Recommendations and a Roadmap from the Real-World Evidence Transparency Initiative
A position paper by the RWE Transparency Initiative describes a plan for improving the transparency of the research process and making registration of real-world evidence study methods easier and…
Do Patient Preferences Align with Value Frameworks? A Discrete-Choice Experiment of Patients with Breast Cancer
The study assessed patient preferences for aspects of breast-cancer treatments to evaluate the usual assumptions in scoring rubrics for value frameworks.
Underestimating the Value of an Intervention – The Case for Including Productivity in Value Assessments and Formulary Design
Research shows that including non-health care costs like productivity in value assessment frameworks can change the value assessment of interventions, impact on coverage decisions and subsequent…
Are Value-based Arrangements the Answer We’ve Been Waiting for?
This NPC study explored the use of value-based arrangements as a mechanism for cost containment in the United States, noting the strengths and limitations of these tools.
Little Consistency in Evidence Cited by Commercial Health Plans for Specialty Drug Coverage
Evidence cited by payers in coverage decisions for specialty medicines varies significantly, with health plans only citing the same study in 15% of health plan coverage policies for a given drug and…
Current Landscape: Value Assessment Frameworks
This report analyzed seven existing U.S. value assessment frameworks, comparing and contrasting the strengths and limitations associated with each framework.
As Value Assessments Evolve, Are They Ready for Prime Time?
This peer-reviewed study examined the evolution of the value assessment landscape in the United States.
Are Payers Ready to Address the Financial Challenges Associated with Gene Therapy?
NPC and the Analysis Group conducted market research to explore payer views of the potential roles that existing and new alternative payment approaches could play in managing the financial risk and…
Peer-reviewed Journal Editors' Views on Real-world Evidence
A study published in the International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care reveals that real-world evidence is considered valuable by the editors of peer-reviewed journals—if it meets…
Why Value Framework Assessments Arrive at Different Conclusions: A Multiple Myeloma Case Study
Researchers conducted cross-framework comparisons of multiple myeloma assessments using four value assessment frameworks and examined the consistency of findings across three case studies.
Value Assessment Frameworks: Are They Up To The Challenge?
In this article published on the Health Affairs Blog, NPC researchers Dr. Robert Dubois and Kimberly Westrich ask: Are value assessment frameworks ready to compare the health and economic impacts of…
Comparison of Value Framework Assessments for Multiple Myeloma
In this NPC-funded study conducted by the Lewin Group, four existing value assessment frameworks were compared head to head to understand how each framework would approach the same condition,…
Does a One-Size-Fits-All Cost-Sharing Approach Incentivize Appropriate Medication Use? A Roundtable on the Fairness and Ethics Associated with Variable Cost Sharing
A study convened an expert roundtable of patient, payer, and employer representatives to review four case studies to understand when it would be more (or less) acceptable to require patients with the…
How Are Stakeholder Views Incorporated into Value Assessment Frameworks? Watch NPC's New Video
NPC's animated informational video explains how different organizations are trying to consider patient viewpoints through the development of value assessment frameworks.
Assessing Value: Promise and Pitfalls Conference Summary Report
At NPC's conference, Assessing Value: Promise and Pitfalls, top experts in their fields united to discuss value assessment as it impacts payers, patients, providers and pharmaceutical innovators.