The National Pharmaceutical Council (NPC) is a health policy research organization dedicated to the advancement of good evidence and science, and to fostering an environment in the United States that supports medical innovation.
- Accountable Care Organizations
- Alternative Payment Models
- Biopharmaceutical Innovation
- Clinical Pathways
- Decision Frameworks
- Elements of Value
- Evidence for Decision Making
- Good Practices for Evidence
- Health Care Quality Measures
- Health Spending
- Health Spend Management
- High-Deductible Health Plans
- Impact on Outcome & Spending
- (-) Individual Treatment Effects & Personalized Access
- Low-Value Care
- NPC News
- Pandemic Response
- Patient Centered Formulary & Benefit Design
- (-) Patient Cost Sharing
- Paying for Cures
- Policy & Regulatory Barriers
- Real-World Data
- Real-World Evidence
- Regulatory Barriers & Challenges
- (-) Understanding Health Spending
- Utilization Management & Step Therapy
- Value-Based Contracts
- Value-Based Insurance Design
- Value Assessment
- Value Assessment Frameworks
- Value Assessment Methods
Showing 36 Results
Characterizing Health Plan Evidence Review Practices
The study finds that some plans updated the evidence in their coverage policies for specialty medicines more often than others, and the type of evidence plans cited in their coverage policies…
Predictors of Adherence to Oral Anticancer Medications: An Analysis of 2010-2018 U.S. Nationwide Claims
Low-income Medicare patients who face high out-of-pocket costs are less likely to remain adherent to oral anticancer medications. This research shows the need for strategies to address adherence and…
Health Care Spending Effectiveness: Estimates Suggest that Spending Improved U.S. Health from 1996 to 2016
This research assessed the effectiveness of U.S. health care spending by comparing changes in health outcomes and found that, overall, innovations in health care are creating more cost-effective care…
Health Care Spending Guiding Principles
NPC established a set of principles to assess health care spending estimates and policies to ensure alignment with the goals of patient-centered care.
Patient-Centered Guiding Principles for Evaluating Health Care Spending
NPC established these principles to serve as a checklist to assess whether methods used for estimating health care spending are appropriate.
Patient-Centered Guiding Principles for Reforming Health Care to Address Rising Health Care Spending
NPC established these principles to assess health care spending policies to ensure alignment with the goals of patient-centered care.
Cost-Sharing and Adherence, Clinical Outcomes, Health Care Utilization, and Costs: A Systematic Literature Review
Higher patient cost-sharing for prescription medications leads to worse medication initiation, adherence, persistence, and discontinuation, according to a new systematic literature review by…
The Myth of Average: Why Individual Patient Differences Matter
NPC's "The Myth of Average" explores how patients, health care providers, insurers, and other decision-makers can better consider individual patient differences when navigating the complexities of…
Health Spending for Commercial Plans Is Predominantly Concentrated In Small Population of High-Intensity Consumers
NPC study finds spending on prescription drugs mirrors spending on other health care services, with a small subset of the sickest patients driving the majority of spending.
It Is Not Just the Prices! The Role of Chronic Disease in Accounting for Higher Health Care Spending in the United States
A new NPC study shows that the higher prevalence of chronic disease in the U.S. is a significant contributing factor to high U.S. health care spending.
Do Investments in the Social Determinants of Health Reduce Health Care Costs?
This study found that most studies of social need interventions were poorly designed, inadequately documented, and inconsistently presented. It recommends improving the study design quality through…
The Dollar or Disease Burden: Caps on Healthcare Spending May Save Money, but at What “Cost” to Patients?
This study assessed the potential effects of budget caps design on disease burden and cost savings to help budget decision makers understand which budget cap features minimize impact to patient…
Do Patient Preferences Align with Value Frameworks? A Discrete-Choice Experiment of Patients with Breast Cancer
The study assessed patient preferences for aspects of breast-cancer treatments to evaluate the usual assumptions in scoring rubrics for value frameworks.
Reconciling the Seemingly Irreconcilable: How Much Are We Spending on Drugs?
In this study from the National Pharmaceutical Council and IQVIA, researchers developed a model to understand the underlying methodological inputs that drive the substantial variation in drug…
Evaluation of Person-level Heterogeneity of Treatment Effects in Published Multiperson N-of-1 Studies: Systematic Review and Reanalysis
To understand when and how individual treatment effects are examined, conducted and reported, this study evaluated existing multiperson N-of-1 studies, which can identify whether an intervention is…
Does a One-Size-Fits-All Cost-Sharing Approach Incentivize Appropriate Medication Use? A Roundtable on the Fairness and Ethics Associated with Variable Cost Sharing
A study convened an expert roundtable of patient, payer, and employer representatives to review four case studies to understand when it would be more (or less) acceptable to require patients with the…
A Dynamic Approach to Consumer Cost-Sharing for Prescription Drugs
The level of consumer cost-sharing for higher cost medication should be aligned with the clinical value – not solely the price – when lower cost alternatives do not produce the desired patient…