The National Pharmaceutical Council (NPC) is a health policy research organization dedicated to the advancement of good evidence and science, and to fostering an environment in the United States that supports medical innovation.
- Accountable Care Organizations
- Alternative Payment Models
- Biopharmaceutical Innovation
- Clinical Pathways
- Elements of Value
- Evidence for Decision Making
- Good Practices for Evidence
- Health Care Quality Measures
- Health Spending
- Health Spend Management
- High-Deductible Health Plans
- Impact on Outcome & Spending
- Individual Treatment Effects & Personalized Access
- NPC News
- Pandemic Response
- Patient Centered Formulary & Benefit Design
- Patient Cost Sharing
- Paying for Cures
- Policy & Regulatory Barriers
- Real-World Data
- (-) Real-World Evidence
- Regulatory Barriers & Challenges
- Understanding Health Spending
- Utilization Management & Step Therapy
- Value-Based Contracts
- Value-Based Insurance Design
- Value Assessment
- Value Assessment Frameworks
- Value Assessment Methods
Showing 18 Results
Prevalence of Avoidable and Bias-Inflicting Methodological Pitfalls in Real-World Studies of Medication Safety and Effectiveness
This paper focuses on recognizing methodological flaws in RWE studies so that researchers can avoid these flaws by identifying them ahead of time – not just after a study is complete.
The Impact of COVID-19 on Real-World Health Data and Research
This white paper provides key health care stakeholders, including clinicians, researchers, payers and regulators, with a broad view of how the COVID-19 pandemic may have impacted real-world data (RWD…
Improving Transparency to Build Trust in Real-World Secondary Data Studies for Hypothesis Testing—Why, What, and How Recommendations and a Roadmap from the Real-World Evidence Transparency Initiative
A position paper by the RWE Transparency Initiative describes a plan for improving the transparency of the research process and making registration of real-world evidence study methods easier and…
Patient-Community Perspectives on Real-World Evidence: Enhancing Engagement, Understanding, and Trust
Researchers found that while most patient organizations were initially unaware of real-world evidence (RWE) and its actual or potential uses, they recognized the ability of RWE to provide relevant…
Peer-reviewed Journal Editors' Views on Real-world Evidence
A study published in the International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care reveals that real-world evidence is considered valuable by the editors of peer-reviewed journals—if it meets…
Real-World Evidence: Useful in the Real World of United States Payer Decision-Making? How? When? And What Studies?
Research published in Value in Health on real-world evidence provides a deeper understanding of when and how managed care organizations use RWE in decision-making, and how to increase its use.
Information Wanted: Finding the Balance in Pharmaceutical Evidence Exchange With Payers and Providers
Payers and providers were surveyed to understand the type of health care economic information (HCEI) they desire and value in the current and future health care environment, as well as the potential…
Health Plan Use of Patient Data: From the Routine to the Transformational
As the abundance and variety of patient data elements and sources continue to grow, health plans seek opportunities to deepen insights from multiple sources of patient data to shape care delivery,…
Is Real World Evidence Used in P&T Monographs and Therapeutic Class Reviews?
Payers infrequently used real-world evidence (RWE), or information on how treatments work in the real world, to guide their medication coverage and reimbursement decisions, according to research…
Data, Data Everywhere, But Access Remains a Big Issue for Researchers
This study captures the policy inconsistencies and hurdles that can hinder use of publicly funded federal and state datasets for researchers. These limitations can make it harder to conduct high…
Why Is Broader Access to Publicly Funded Data Important?
This infographic illustrates the policy inconsistencies and hurdles that can hinder use of publicly funded federal and state datasets for researchers.
Developing Evidence that is Fit for Purpose: A Framework for Payer and Research Dialogue
A study published in the September 2015 issue of The American Journal of Managed Care introduces a framework developed by the National Pharmaceutical Council (NPC) and AcademyHealth that could help…
Individual Treatment Effects: Implications for Research, Clinical Practice, and Policy
This research outlines a framework and policy considerations to help health care stakeholders understand when it is important take patients’ individual treatment responses into account when making…
CER Collaborative: Series of Questionnaires to Guide Decision-makers in Reviewing Studies
Three peer-reviewed articles offer important guidance to aid formulary decision-makers in evaluating certain types of comparative effectiveness research (CER) studies.
The GRACE Checklist for Rating the Quality of Observational Studies of Comparative Effectiveness: A Tale of Hope and Caution
With the growing demand for information about comparative effectiveness and questions about the quality of research that will support future health care decision-making, a group of researchers…
Communicating About Comparative Effectiveness Research: A Health Affairs Symposium on the Issues
One of many issues connected with comparative effectiveness research is how the findings will be communicated, particularly if they pertain to prescription drugs and if the findings could be useful…
Principles for Planning and Conducting Comparative Effectiveness Research
A group of researchers developed a set of 13 best practice principles for comparative effectiveness research. The 13 principles were published as part of a peer-reviewed study in the September 2012…
Making Informed Decisions: Assessing the Strengths and Weaknesses of Study Designs and Analytic Methods for Comparative Effectiveness Research
The purpose of this document is to provide brief descriptions of both experimental and nonexperimental study designs and methods that may be used to address CER study questions.