The National Pharmaceutical Council (NPC) is a health policy research organization dedicated to the advancement of good evidence and science, and to fostering an environment in the United States that supports medical innovation.
- Accountable Care Organizations
- Alternative Payment Models
- Biopharmaceutical Innovation
- Clinical Pathways
- Elements of Value
- Evidence for Decision Making
- (-) Good Practices for Evidence
- Health Care Quality Measures
- Health Spending
- Health Spend Management
- High-Deductible Health Plans
- Impact on Outcome & Spending
- (-) Individual Treatment Effects & Personalized Access
- NPC News
- Pandemic Response
- Patient Centered Formulary & Benefit Design
- Patient Cost Sharing
- (-) Paying for Cures
- Policy & Regulatory Barriers
- Real-World Data
- (-) Real-World Evidence
- Regulatory Barriers & Challenges
- Understanding Health Spending
- Utilization Management & Step Therapy
- Value-Based Contracts
- Value-Based Insurance Design
- Value Assessment
- Value Assessment Frameworks
- Value Assessment Methods
Showing 39 Results
The Myth of Average: Why Individual Patient Differences Matter
NPC's "The Myth of Average" explores how patients, health care providers, insurers, and other decision-makers can better consider individual patient differences when navigating the complexities of…
Prevalence of Avoidable and Bias-Inflicting Methodological Pitfalls in Real-World Studies of Medication Safety and Effectiveness
This paper focuses on recognizing methodological flaws in RWE studies so that researchers can avoid these flaws by identifying them ahead of time – not just after a study is complete.
The Impact of COVID-19 on Real-World Health Data and Research
This white paper provides key health care stakeholders, including clinicians, researchers, payers and regulators, with a broad view of how the COVID-19 pandemic may have impacted real-world data (RWD…
Online Tools to Synthesize Real-World Evidence of Comparative Effectiveness Research to Enhance Formulary Decision Making
This JMCP study describes and compares the features and characteristics of five tools to evaluate real-world evidence studies and adds clarity on what the tools provide.
Improving Transparency to Build Trust in Real-World Secondary Data Studies for Hypothesis Testing—Why, What, and How Recommendations and a Roadmap from the Real-World Evidence Transparency Initiative
A position paper by the RWE Transparency Initiative describes a plan for improving the transparency of the research process and making registration of real-world evidence study methods easier and…
Do Patient Preferences Align with Value Frameworks? A Discrete-Choice Experiment of Patients with Breast Cancer
The study assessed patient preferences for aspects of breast-cancer treatments to evaluate the usual assumptions in scoring rubrics for value frameworks.
Patient-Community Perspectives on Real-World Evidence: Enhancing Engagement, Understanding, and Trust
Researchers found that while most patient organizations were initially unaware of real-world evidence (RWE) and its actual or potential uses, they recognized the ability of RWE to provide relevant…
Are Payers Ready to Address the Financial Challenges Associated with Gene Therapy?
NPC and the Analysis Group conducted market research to explore payer views of the potential roles that existing and new alternative payment approaches could play in managing the financial risk and…
Evaluation of Person-level Heterogeneity of Treatment Effects in Published Multiperson N-of-1 Studies: Systematic Review and Reanalysis
To understand when and how individual treatment effects are examined, conducted and reported, this study evaluated existing multiperson N-of-1 studies, which can identify whether an intervention is…
Peer-reviewed Journal Editors' Views on Real-world Evidence
A study published in the International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care reveals that real-world evidence is considered valuable by the editors of peer-reviewed journals—if it meets…
Real-World Evidence: Useful in the Real World of United States Payer Decision-Making? How? When? And What Studies?
Research published in Value in Health on real-world evidence provides a deeper understanding of when and how managed care organizations use RWE in decision-making, and how to increase its use.
Information Wanted: Finding the Balance in Pharmaceutical Evidence Exchange With Payers and Providers
Payers and providers were surveyed to understand the type of health care economic information (HCEI) they desire and value in the current and future health care environment, as well as the potential…
Health Plan Use of Patient Data: From the Routine to the Transformational
As the abundance and variety of patient data elements and sources continue to grow, health plans seek opportunities to deepen insights from multiple sources of patient data to shape care delivery,…
Is Real World Evidence Used in P&T Monographs and Therapeutic Class Reviews?
Payers infrequently used real-world evidence (RWE), or information on how treatments work in the real world, to guide their medication coverage and reimbursement decisions, according to research…
Got CER? Educating Pharmacists for Practice in the Future: New Tools for New Challenges
This study provides an early evaluation of the CER Collaborative's training program's impact on learners’ self-reported abilities to evaluate and incorporate comparative effectiveness research…
Data, Data Everywhere, But Access Remains a Big Issue for Researchers
This study captures the policy inconsistencies and hurdles that can hinder use of publicly funded federal and state datasets for researchers. These limitations can make it harder to conduct high…
Why Is Broader Access to Publicly Funded Data Important?
This infographic illustrates the policy inconsistencies and hurdles that can hinder use of publicly funded federal and state datasets for researchers.
Standards and Guidelines for Observational Studies: Quality Is in the Eye of the Beholder
The lack of observational study standard/guideline agreement may contribute to variation in study conduct; disparities in what is considered credible research; and ultimately, what evidence is…
Developing Evidence that is Fit for Purpose: A Framework for Payer and Research Dialogue
A study published in the September 2015 issue of The American Journal of Managed Care introduces a framework developed by the National Pharmaceutical Council (NPC) and AcademyHealth that could help…