The National Pharmaceutical Council (NPC) is a health policy research organization dedicated to the advancement of good evidence and science, and to fostering an environment in the United States that supports medical innovation.
- Accountable Care Organizations
- Alternative Payment Models
- Biopharmaceutical Innovation
- Clinical Pathways
- (-) Elements of Value
- Evidence for Decision Making
- Good Practices for Evidence
- Health Care Quality Measures
- Health Spending
- (-) Health Spend Management
- High-Deductible Health Plans
- Impact on Outcome & Spending
- Individual Treatment Effects & Personalized Access
- NPC News
- (-) Pandemic Response
- Patient Centered Formulary & Benefit Design
- Patient Cost Sharing
- (-) Paying for Cures
- Policy & Regulatory Barriers
- Real-World Data
- (-) Real-World Evidence
- Regulatory Barriers & Challenges
- Understanding Health Spending
- Utilization Management & Step Therapy
- Value-Based Contracts
- Value-Based Insurance Design
- (-) Value Assessment
- Value Assessment Frameworks
- Value Assessment Methods
Showing 37 Results
Stakeholder perception of pharmaceutical value: A multicriteria decision analysis pilot case study for value assessment in the United States
Study shows the impact of a more holistic approach to assessing value and how it can help address gaps within conventional value assessment.
Characterizing Health Plan Evidence Review Practices
The study finds that some plans updated the evidence in their coverage policies for specialty medicines more often than others, and the type of evidence plans cited in their coverage policies…
Health Care Spending Effectiveness: Estimates Suggest that Spending Improved U.S. Health from 1996 to 2016
This research assessed the effectiveness of U.S. health care spending by comparing changes in health outcomes and found that, overall, innovations in health care are creating more cost-effective care…
Health Care Spending Guiding Principles
NPC established a set of principles to assess health care spending estimates and policies to ensure alignment with the goals of patient-centered care.
Prevalence of Avoidable and Bias-Inflicting Methodological Pitfalls in Real-World Studies of Medication Safety and Effectiveness
This paper focuses on recognizing methodological flaws in RWE studies so that researchers can avoid these flaws by identifying them ahead of time – not just after a study is complete.
The Impact of COVID-19 on Real-World Health Data and Research
This white paper provides key health care stakeholders, including clinicians, researchers, payers and regulators, with a broad view of how the COVID-19 pandemic may have impacted real-world data (RWD…
The Dollar or Disease Burden: Caps on Healthcare Spending May Save Money, but at What “Cost” to Patients?
This study assessed the potential effects of budget caps design on disease burden and cost savings to help budget decision makers understand which budget cap features minimize impact to patient…
Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis: Can It Help Make Value Assessment More Patient Centered?
This white paper identifies good practices and key considerations for integrating the patient voice into patient-centered multi-criteria decision analysis.
Improving Transparency to Build Trust in Real-World Secondary Data Studies for Hypothesis Testing—Why, What, and How Recommendations and a Roadmap from the Real-World Evidence Transparency Initiative
A position paper by the RWE Transparency Initiative describes a plan for improving the transparency of the research process and making registration of real-world evidence study methods easier and…
Do Patient Preferences Align with Value Frameworks? A Discrete-Choice Experiment of Patients with Breast Cancer
The study assessed patient preferences for aspects of breast-cancer treatments to evaluate the usual assumptions in scoring rubrics for value frameworks.
Underestimating the Value of an Intervention – The Case for Including Productivity in Value Assessments and Formulary Design
Research shows that including non-health care costs like productivity in value assessment frameworks can change the value assessment of interventions, impact on coverage decisions and subsequent…
Barriers and Solutions to the Inclusion of Broader Benefits in Biopharmaceutical Value Assessments
This study evaluated how institutional barriers prevent the inclusion of broader individual and societal benefits associated with new health care innovations from being considered when assessing the…
Current Landscape: Value Assessment Frameworks
This report analyzed seven existing U.S. value assessment frameworks, comparing and contrasting the strengths and limitations associated with each framework.
As Value Assessments Evolve, Are They Ready for Prime Time?
This peer-reviewed study examined the evolution of the value assessment landscape in the United States.
Patient-Community Perspectives on Real-World Evidence: Enhancing Engagement, Understanding, and Trust
Researchers found that while most patient organizations were initially unaware of real-world evidence (RWE) and its actual or potential uses, they recognized the ability of RWE to provide relevant…
What's Been the Bang for the Buck? Cost-Effectiveness of Health Care Spending Across Selected Conditions in the US
This study was designed to assess whether increased medical intervention spending on prevalent chronic conditions has been a good investment over time.
Are Payers Ready to Address the Financial Challenges Associated with Gene Therapy?
NPC and the Analysis Group conducted market research to explore payer views of the potential roles that existing and new alternative payment approaches could play in managing the financial risk and…
Peer-reviewed Journal Editors' Views on Real-world Evidence
A study published in the International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care reveals that real-world evidence is considered valuable by the editors of peer-reviewed journals—if it meets…
Real-World Evidence: Useful in the Real World of United States Payer Decision-Making? How? When? And What Studies?
Research published in Value in Health on real-world evidence provides a deeper understanding of when and how managed care organizations use RWE in decision-making, and how to increase its use.
Information Wanted: Finding the Balance in Pharmaceutical Evidence Exchange With Payers and Providers
Payers and providers were surveyed to understand the type of health care economic information (HCEI) they desire and value in the current and future health care environment, as well as the potential…