The National Pharmaceutical Council (NPC) is a health policy research organization dedicated to the advancement of good evidence and science, and to fostering an environment in the United States that supports medical innovation.
- Accountable Care Organizations
- Alternative Payment Models
- Biopharmaceutical Innovation
- Clinical Pathways
- Elements of Value
- Evidence for Decision Making
- Good Practices for Evidence
- Health Care Quality Measures
- Health Spending
- (-) Health Spend Management
- High-Deductible Health Plans
- Impact on Outcome & Spending
- Individual Treatment Effects & Personalized Access
- NPC News
- (-) Pandemic Response
- (-) Patient Centered Formulary & Benefit Design
- Patient Cost Sharing
- Paying for Cures
- Policy & Regulatory Barriers
- (-) Real-World Data
- Real-World Evidence
- Regulatory Barriers & Challenges
- Understanding Health Spending
- Utilization Management & Step Therapy
- Value-Based Contracts
- Value-Based Insurance Design
- Value Assessment
- (-) Value Assessment Frameworks
- Value Assessment Methods
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Impact of Shared Decision-Making and Patient Decision Aids on Health Care Cost and Utilization in the US: A Systematic Review
Shared decision-making and patient decision aids may reduce costs or improve utilization but not consistently across settings and diseases, according to a new systemic literature review by…
Stakeholder perception of pharmaceutical value: A multicriteria decision analysis pilot case study for value assessment in the United States
Study shows the impact of a more holistic approach to assessing value and how it can help address gaps within conventional value assessment.
Characterizing Health Plan Evidence Review Practices
The study finds that some plans updated the evidence in their coverage policies for specialty medicines more often than others, and the type of evidence plans cited in their coverage policies…
Predictors of Adherence to Oral Anticancer Medications: An Analysis of 2010-2018 U.S. Nationwide Claims
Low-income Medicare patients who face high out-of-pocket costs are less likely to remain adherent to oral anticancer medications. This research shows the need for strategies to address adherence and…
Impact of Real-Time Benefit Tools on Patients’ Access to Medications: A Retrospective Cohort Study
Study finds the use of Real-Time Prescription Benefit Tools results in higher fill rates and lower cancellation rates.
Health Care Spending Effectiveness: Estimates Suggest that Spending Improved U.S. Health from 1996 to 2016
This research assessed the effectiveness of U.S. health care spending by comparing changes in health outcomes and found that, overall, innovations in health care are creating more cost-effective care…
Specialty Drug and Healthcare Utilization Vary by Wage Level in Employer-Sponsored Health Plans
This research shows that low-wage employees are less likely use autoimmune medicines than employees who earn more despite a higher prevalence of autoimmune conditions in low-wage employees. These…
Health Care Spending Guiding Principles
NPC established a set of principles to assess health care spending estimates and policies to ensure alignment with the goals of patient-centered care.
The Patient’s Medication Access Journey: A Conceptual Framework Focused Beyond Adherence
The Pharmacy Quality Alliance, with support from NPC, developed a framework that defines a patient’s medication access journey and characterizes barriers frequently encountered while seeking…
Limited Role of Patient Input in Specialty Drug Coverage Policies
A new study in JMCP found that patient input is rarely sought for coverage policies – although plans had processes to engage physicians and medical societies when developing coverage policies, no…
Affordability Is About More Than Drug Prices
A research survey from NPC and Xcenda found that potential government involvement in drug pricing would be unlikely to increase patient affordability.
The Impact of COVID-19 on Real-World Health Data and Research
This white paper provides key health care stakeholders, including clinicians, researchers, payers and regulators, with a broad view of how the COVID-19 pandemic may have impacted real-world data (RWD…
The Dollar or Disease Burden: Caps on Healthcare Spending May Save Money, but at What “Cost” to Patients?
This study assessed the potential effects of budget caps design on disease burden and cost savings to help budget decision makers understand which budget cap features minimize impact to patient…
Do Patient Preferences Align with Value Frameworks? A Discrete-Choice Experiment of Patients with Breast Cancer
The study assessed patient preferences for aspects of breast-cancer treatments to evaluate the usual assumptions in scoring rubrics for value frameworks.
Underestimating the Value of an Intervention – The Case for Including Productivity in Value Assessments and Formulary Design
Research shows that including non-health care costs like productivity in value assessment frameworks can change the value assessment of interventions, impact on coverage decisions and subsequent…
Little Consistency in Evidence Cited by Commercial Health Plans for Specialty Drug Coverage
Evidence cited by payers in coverage decisions for specialty medicines varies significantly, with health plans only citing the same study in 15% of health plan coverage policies for a given drug and…
Current Landscape: Value Assessment Frameworks
This report analyzed seven existing U.S. value assessment frameworks, comparing and contrasting the strengths and limitations associated with each framework.
As Value Assessments Evolve, Are They Ready for Prime Time?
This peer-reviewed study examined the evolution of the value assessment landscape in the United States.
What's Been the Bang for the Buck? Cost-Effectiveness of Health Care Spending Across Selected Conditions in the US
This study was designed to assess whether increased medical intervention spending on prevalent chronic conditions has been a good investment over time.
Prioritizing Health Care Spending: Engaging Employees in Health Care Benefit Design
A case study shows that employees who are who are meaningfully engaged in deliberating and designing their health care benefits may have a more positive view of their coverage options.