The National Pharmaceutical Council (NPC) is a health policy research organization dedicated to the advancement of good evidence and science, and to fostering an environment in the United States that supports medical innovation.
- Accountable Care Organizations
- Alternative Payment Models
- Biopharmaceutical Innovation
- Clinical Pathways
- Elements of Value
- Evidence for Decision Making
- Good Practices for Evidence
- Health Care Quality Measures
- Health Spending
- Health Spend Management
- High-Deductible Health Plans
- Impact on Outcome & Spending
- Individual Treatment Effects & Personalized Access
- NPC News
- Pandemic Response
- Patient Centered Formulary & Benefit Design
- Patient Cost Sharing
- Paying for Cures
- Policy & Regulatory Barriers
- Real-World Data
- Real-World Evidence
- Regulatory Barriers & Challenges
- Understanding Health Spending
- Utilization Management & Step Therapy
- Value-Based Contracts
- Value-Based Insurance Design
- Value Assessment
- Value Assessment Frameworks
- Value Assessment Methods
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The Patient’s Medication Access Journey: A Conceptual Framework Focused Beyond Adherence
The Pharmacy Quality Alliance, with support from NPC, developed a framework that defines a patient’s medication access journey and characterizes barriers frequently encountered while seeking…
Better Value, Smarter Deductibles in HSA-HDHPs: Improving Health, Equity & Engagement
NPC and National Alliance of Healthcare Purchaser Coalitions collaborated on an Action Brief highlighting key steps employers can take to enhance their health benefit design approach.
Health Spending for Commercial Plans Is Predominantly Concentrated In Small Population of High-Intensity Consumers
NPC study finds spending on prescription drugs mirrors spending on other health care services, with a small subset of the sickest patients driving the majority of spending.
Employer Resource Guide
This resource guide for health care purchaser coalitions and employers provides information and research in key areas such as benefit design, value assessment and health spending.
Employer Uptake of Pre-Deductible Coverage for Preventive Services in HSA-Eligible Health Plans
An NPC-funded study shows many large employers have expanded pre-deductible coverage for medications and health services used to prevent exacerbations of common chronic conditions and would like to…
It Is Not Just the Prices! The Role of Chronic Disease in Accounting for Higher Health Care Spending in the United States
A new NPC study shows that the higher prevalence of chronic disease in the U.S. is a significant contributing factor to high U.S. health care spending.
Prevalence of Avoidable and Bias-Inflicting Methodological Pitfalls in Real-World Studies of Medication Safety and Effectiveness
This paper focuses on recognizing methodological flaws in RWE studies so that researchers can avoid these flaws by identifying them ahead of time – not just after a study is complete.
Do Investments in the Social Determinants of Health Reduce Health Care Costs?
This study found that most studies of social need interventions were poorly designed, inadequately documented, and inconsistently presented. It recommends improving the study design quality through…
Limited Role of Patient Input in Specialty Drug Coverage Policies
A new study in JMCP found that patient input is rarely sought for coverage policies – although plans had processes to engage physicians and medical societies when developing coverage policies, no…
Affordability Is About More Than Drug Prices
A research survey from NPC and Xcenda found that potential government involvement in drug pricing would be unlikely to increase patient affordability.
The Impact of COVID-19 on Real-World Health Data and Research
This white paper provides key health care stakeholders, including clinicians, researchers, payers and regulators, with a broad view of how the COVID-19 pandemic may have impacted real-world data (RWD…
The Dollar or Disease Burden: Caps on Healthcare Spending May Save Money, but at What “Cost” to Patients?
This study assessed the potential effects of budget caps design on disease burden and cost savings to help budget decision makers understand which budget cap features minimize impact to patient…
Stakeholders Find Step Therapy Should Be Evidence-Based, Flexible and Transparent: Assessing Appropriateness Using a Consensus Approach
Stakeholders disagree on when step therapy is appropriate, but agree on a set of criteria about how to develop, implement, communicate, safeguard and evaluate step therapy protocols.
Online Tools to Synthesize Real-World Evidence of Comparative Effectiveness Research to Enhance Formulary Decision Making
This JMCP study describes and compares the features and characteristics of five tools to evaluate real-world evidence studies and adds clarity on what the tools provide.
Assessing Consumer and Employer Willingness to Pay for New Medical Technologies
This study examines whether health care consumers and large employers would be willing to continue to pay for new medical technologies associated with significant improvements in patient health…
Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis: Can It Help Make Value Assessment More Patient Centered?
This white paper identifies good practices and key considerations for integrating the patient voice into patient-centered multi-criteria decision analysis.
Improving Patient-reported Measures in Oncology: A Call to Action
This study explores the current landscape of oncology patient-reported measures (PRMs), which are tools that capture patients’ voices related to their care experience and outcomes.
Improving Transparency to Build Trust in Real-World Secondary Data Studies for Hypothesis Testing—Why, What, and How Recommendations and a Roadmap from the Real-World Evidence Transparency Initiative
A position paper by the RWE Transparency Initiative describes a plan for improving the transparency of the research process and making registration of real-world evidence study methods easier and…
Do Patient Preferences Align with Value Frameworks? A Discrete-Choice Experiment of Patients with Breast Cancer
The study assessed patient preferences for aspects of breast-cancer treatments to evaluate the usual assumptions in scoring rubrics for value frameworks.
Underestimating the Value of an Intervention – The Case for Including Productivity in Value Assessments and Formulary Design
Research shows that including non-health care costs like productivity in value assessment frameworks can change the value assessment of interventions, impact on coverage decisions and subsequent…