The National Pharmaceutical Council (NPC) is a health policy research organization dedicated to the advancement of good evidence and science, and to fostering an environment in the United States that supports medical innovation.
- Accountable Care Organizations
- Alternative Payment Models
- Biopharmaceutical Innovation
- Clinical Pathways
- Elements of Value
- Evidence for Decision Making
- Good Practices for Evidence
- Health Care Quality Measures
- Health Spending
- Health Spend Management
- High-Deductible Health Plans
- Impact on Outcome & Spending
- (-) Individual Treatment Effects & Personalized Access
- NPC News
- Pandemic Response
- Patient Centered Formulary & Benefit Design
- Patient Cost Sharing
- Paying for Cures
- Policy & Regulatory Barriers
- Real-World Data
- Real-World Evidence
- Regulatory Barriers & Challenges
- Understanding Health Spending
- Utilization Management & Step Therapy
- Value-Based Contracts
- Value-Based Insurance Design
- Value Assessment
- Value Assessment Frameworks
- Value Assessment Methods
Showing 16 Results
The Myth of Average: Why Individual Patient Differences Matter
NPC's "The Myth of Average" explores how patients, health care providers, insurers, and other decision-makers can better consider individual patient differences when navigating the complexities of…
Do Patient Preferences Align with Value Frameworks? A Discrete-Choice Experiment of Patients with Breast Cancer
The study assessed patient preferences for aspects of breast-cancer treatments to evaluate the usual assumptions in scoring rubrics for value frameworks.
Evaluation of Person-level Heterogeneity of Treatment Effects in Published Multiperson N-of-1 Studies: Systematic Review and Reanalysis
To understand when and how individual treatment effects are examined, conducted and reported, this study evaluated existing multiperson N-of-1 studies, which can identify whether an intervention is…
Translating Comparative Effectiveness Research into Medicaid Payment Policy: Views from Medical and Pharmacy Directors
NPC supported a survey of Medicaid medical and pharmacy directors to better understand how policy makers in the state Medicaid programs view comparative effectiveness research (CER) and how they use…
Exploration of Heterogeneity in Distributed Research Network Drug Safety Analyses
Distributed data network drug safety analyses are difficult to interpret in the face of heterogeneity, or individual treatment effects.
Consumer-Directed Health Plans: Pharmacy Benefits & "Better Practices"
The research was intended to identify the current landscape and best practice approaches for consumer-directed health plans and pharmacy benefits, as well as understand the health and economic impact…
Supporting Consumer Access to Specialty Medications Through Value-Based Insurance Design
Value-based insurance design (V-BID) is a key tactic payers and purchasers can use to promote access to high-value specialty medications.
The Good, the Bad, and the Different: A Primer on Aspects of Heterogeneity of Treatment Effects
The concept of heterogeneity is explained and further explored via four articles published in the June 2014 issue of the Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy: The Good, the Bad, and the…
The Emerging Relevance of Heterogeneity of Treatment Effect in Clinical Care: A Study Using Stage IV Prostate Cancer as a Model
Although researchers and health care providers widely recognize that individuals with stage IV prostate cancer react differently to treatments, the factors that impact treatment outcomes, including…
2013 Comparative Effectiveness Research and the Environment for Health Care Decision-Making
The National Pharmaceutical Council conducted its third annual survey of key health care stakeholders. The purpose was to set a baseline for where key stakeholders believe we are today on comparative…
A Translation Table for Patient-Centered Comparative Effectiveness Research-- Guidance to Improve the Value of Research for Clinical and Health Policy Decision-Making
This collaborative project was developed by the National Pharmaceutical Council, the Center for Medical Technology Policy, and Outcome, a Quintiles Company.
Comparative Effectiveness Research: Do Employers Care? What Will They Do? What About Productivity?
A survey by NPC and the Benfield Group found that one of the benefits employers are looking for from CER is more information about which treatments help with productivity.
Toward individualized pharmaceutical care of East Asians: the value of genetic testing for polymorphisms in drug-metabolizing genes
Research considers how genetics can impact how well medicines will work in certain populations.