The National Pharmaceutical Council (NPC) is a health policy research organization dedicated to the advancement of good evidence and science, and to fostering an environment in the United States that supports medical innovation.
- Accountable Care Organizations
- Alternative Payment Models
- Biopharmaceutical Innovation
- Clinical Pathways
- Elements of Value
- Evidence for Decision Making
- Good Practices for Evidence
- Health Care Quality Measures
- Health Spending
- Health Spend Management
- High-Deductible Health Plans
- Impact on Outcome & Spending
- (-) Individual Treatment Effects & Personalized Access
- NPC News
- Pandemic Response
- Patient Centered Formulary & Benefit Design
- Patient Cost Sharing
- Paying for Cures
- Policy & Regulatory Barriers
- (-) Real-World Data
- Real-World Evidence
- Regulatory Barriers & Challenges
- Understanding Health Spending
- Utilization Management & Step Therapy
- Value-Based Contracts
- Value-Based Insurance Design
- Value Assessment
- Value Assessment Frameworks
- Value Assessment Methods
Showing 24 Results
The Myth of Average: Why Individual Patient Differences Matter
NPC's "The Myth of Average" explores how patients, health care providers, insurers, and other decision-makers can better consider individual patient differences when navigating the complexities of…
The Impact of COVID-19 on Real-World Health Data and Research
This white paper provides key health care stakeholders, including clinicians, researchers, payers and regulators, with a broad view of how the COVID-19 pandemic may have impacted real-world data (RWD…
Do Patient Preferences Align with Value Frameworks? A Discrete-Choice Experiment of Patients with Breast Cancer
The study assessed patient preferences for aspects of breast-cancer treatments to evaluate the usual assumptions in scoring rubrics for value frameworks.
Evaluation of Person-level Heterogeneity of Treatment Effects in Published Multiperson N-of-1 Studies: Systematic Review and Reanalysis
To understand when and how individual treatment effects are examined, conducted and reported, this study evaluated existing multiperson N-of-1 studies, which can identify whether an intervention is…
Health Plan Use of Patient Data: From the Routine to the Transformational
As the abundance and variety of patient data elements and sources continue to grow, health plans seek opportunities to deepen insights from multiple sources of patient data to shape care delivery,…
Data, Data Everywhere, But Access Remains a Big Issue for Researchers
This study captures the policy inconsistencies and hurdles that can hinder use of publicly funded federal and state datasets for researchers. These limitations can make it harder to conduct high…
Why Is Broader Access to Publicly Funded Data Important?
This infographic illustrates the policy inconsistencies and hurdles that can hinder use of publicly funded federal and state datasets for researchers.
When Does FDAMA Section 114 Apply? Ten Case Studies
There is hesitation to disseminate comparative effectiveness research because of ambiguities in the law that was established to help biopharmaceutical companies engage health plans around real-world…
Translating Comparative Effectiveness Research into Medicaid Payment Policy: Views from Medical and Pharmacy Directors
NPC supported a survey of Medicaid medical and pharmacy directors to better understand how policy makers in the state Medicaid programs view comparative effectiveness research (CER) and how they use…
Exploration of Heterogeneity in Distributed Research Network Drug Safety Analyses
Distributed data network drug safety analyses are difficult to interpret in the face of heterogeneity, or individual treatment effects.
Consumer-Directed Health Plans: Pharmacy Benefits & "Better Practices"
The research was intended to identify the current landscape and best practice approaches for consumer-directed health plans and pharmacy benefits, as well as understand the health and economic impact…
Real-World Impact of Comparative Effectiveness Research Findings on Clinical Practice
This study suggests that changes are needed to enable more consistent translation of research findings into clinical practice.
Supporting Consumer Access to Specialty Medications Through Value-Based Insurance Design
Value-based insurance design (V-BID) is a key tactic payers and purchasers can use to promote access to high-value specialty medications.
The Good, the Bad, and the Different: A Primer on Aspects of Heterogeneity of Treatment Effects
The concept of heterogeneity is explained and further explored via four articles published in the June 2014 issue of the Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy: The Good, the Bad, and the…
The Emerging Relevance of Heterogeneity of Treatment Effect in Clinical Care: A Study Using Stage IV Prostate Cancer as a Model
Although researchers and health care providers widely recognize that individuals with stage IV prostate cancer react differently to treatments, the factors that impact treatment outcomes, including…